What is a Sump Pump?

A sump pump is a submersible device that will be installed in a sump house, such as a basement or crawl space. This little creation will help prevent your basement from flooding. When there’s excess water around your basement, a sump pump will move the water from your building. Installing a sump pump is a worthy investment that helps you save money on your insurance premiums, too.

There are two kinds of sump pumps. A submersible pump stays under the ground whereas a pedestal pump stays above ground with only the water inlet filter submerged.

Submersible pumps are quieter than the pedestal model because they’re underwater they don’t last as long. Ultimately, the one that you choose depends largely on the water problem.

What Does a Sump Pump Do?

The sump pump will be down in your basement or crawl, if you remove the debris cover and look, you can see a number of holes in the wall or your sump basin. Each of the holes will connect directly to a drain pipe. If the groundwater flows outside your foundation or under your basement floor, it will flow through a drain pipe into your sump basin. When the water level exceeds the range, the sump pump kicks on.

Sump pumps are activated by one of two methods

A pressure sensor sends the signal to your pump when the level of water exceeds the range.

A float activator arm with an attached buoyant ball floats on the surface of the water. If the water level reaches a certain height, your sump pump turns on.

How Does a Sump Pump Work?

Most sump pumps will be connected to a home’s electricity supply using hardwires, but some operate using the municipal water supply. Water-driven pumps will work during power outages thus making them an ideal choice to live in an area with an annual storm season. There are AC-powered sump pumps that have convenient battery backups too.

Sump Pump Benefits

  • Preventing basement flooding
  • Reduces humidity level in a home
  • Minimize heating costs with the continuous drainage system.
  • Prevention of termite or insect infestation
  • Protect from sewage backups
  • Protect your home from mold and mildew
  • Increased property value

How Long Does a Sump Pump Last?

Pedestal pumps last longer than submersible pumps. They’re more obtrusive, easier to service, and according to experts, they can stay functional for up to 30 years. Submersible pumps are sleeker, but they’re more prone to failure. If you choose a submersible pump for your home, don’t hesitate to replace it after five to 10 years.

A sump pump is an inexpensive one,  so most homeowners with a basement should definitely consider installing a sump pump if they don’t already have one.

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